Confucianism, also known as Ruism, Confucianism beliefs is a system of thought and behavior originating in ancient China. Variously described as tradition, a philosophy, a religion, a humanistic or rationalistic religion, a way of governing, or simply a way of life, Confucianism developed from what was later called the Hundred Schools of Thought from the teachings of the Chinese philosopher Confucius.
The worldly concern of Confucianism rests upon the belief that human beings are fundamentally good, and teachable, improvable, and perfectible through personal and communal endeavor, especially self-cultivation and self-creation. Confucian thought focuses on the cultivation of virtue in a morally organized world.
Confucianism beliefs history:
Confucianism was developed in China by Master Kong in 551-479 BC, who was given the name Confucius by Jesuit missionaries who were visiting there. However, the fundamental principles of Confucianism began before his birth, during the Zhou Dynasty.
At that time, the ideas of respect and the well-being of others were prevalent, but there was also an emphasis on spiritual matters – specifically, the goodness of the divine and the mandate to rule given to those in power. These ideas were meant to unite the people, create stability, and prevent rebellion.
What is Confucianism in China?
Confucianism is often characterized as a system of social and ethical philosophy rather than a religion. … Confucianism was part of the Chinese social fabric and way of life; to Confucians, everyday life was the arena of religion. The founder of Confucianism, Master Kong (Confucius, 551-479 B.C.E.)
Four main symbols represent the beliefs and views of Confucianism. These include: “Confucius“, the Chinese character for “water”, the Chinese character for “scholar”, and “Yin Yang”.
Confucianism beliefs and practices:
The Main Beliefs of Confucianism Xin – Honesty and Trustworthiness. Chung – Loyalty to the state, etc. Li – includes ritual, propriety, etiquette, etc. Hsiao – love within the family, love of parents for their children, and love of children for their parents.
There is no God, per se, in Confucianism Beliefs. Confucius has never been considered a god by his adherents. Confucianism is a socio-philosophical movement aimed at bettering society. Confucius did believe, however, in the Great Ultimate (Tao), which manifests itself in the I, or change.
Tao is the cause of I and generates Yang (energy) and Yin (a passive form). Together, Yin and Yang are seen as complementary symbols of the energy and tension in a system of counter forces. Tao, or the Great Ultimate, is the first cause of the universe, a force that flows through all life, but is not a personal being.